Tails 5.8 é a versão mais importante de Tails em anos. Esta versão inclui tanto uma remodelagem de funcionalidades existentes quanto melhorias em usabilidade, e também atualizações de segurança adicionais.

Este trabalho foi possível graças a doações de pessoas como você. Se você gostou dessas novas atualizações e quer mais, doe agora para colaborar com nosso trabalho em 2023.

Doe agora para colaborar com nosso trabalho em 2023.

Novas funcionalidades

Novo Armazenamento Persistente

Depois de 2 anos de trabalho árduo, estamos extremamente contentes em apresentar uma remodelagem completa de nosso Armazenamento Persistente.

A funcionalidade de Armazenamento Persistente não havia mudado muito desde sua primeira versão em 2012 devido ao fato do código responsável por esta funcionalidade ser algo difícil de se modificar e aprimorar. Entretanto, ficamos sabendo através de usuárias(os) que o Armazenamento Persistente poderia fazer muito mais por vocês se tivesse algumas funcionalidades mais, e se fosse mais fácil de usar.

  • Não é mais necessário reiniciar o Tails após a criação de um Armazenamento Persistente, ou cada vez que você ativa uma nova funcionalidade nele.

  • Você pode alterar a senha de seu Armazenamento Persistente através dessa nova aplicação.

  • Você pode criar um Armazenamento Persistente diretamente através da Tela de Boas-vindas, caso você ainda não tenha um.

Wayland and better Unsafe Browser

We replaced the deprecated X.Org display system with Wayland.

Even if you won't notice any visual difference, Wayland brings more security in depth to Tails by making it harder for a compromised application in Tails to compromise or misuse another application.

For example, since Tails 4.8, the Unsafe Browser was disabled by default because a security vulnerability in another application in Tails could start an invisible Unsafe Browser, reveal your IP address, and deanonymize you.

Wayland fixes this vulnerability and makes it safe to reenable the Unsafe Browser by default. You can still disable the Unsafe Browser in the Welcome Screen.

Wayland also brings in other features that were not working yet in the Unsafe Browser:

  • Sound - Uploads and downloads - Alternative input methods for Chinese and other non-Latin languages - Accessibility features like the screen reader and virtual keyboard

QR code scanning of Tor bridges

We made it easier to enter new Tor bridges in Tails by scanning a QR code.

To get a QR code, you can either:

We are aware that the QR codes that are currently provided are too big to be easy to scan. We are working with Tor to make them smaller and easier to scan.

Changes and updates

  • Update Tor Browser to 12.0.1.

  • Update Thunderbird to 102.6.0.

  • Update Tor to 0.4.7.12.

  • Remoção do sistema de introdução de texto preditivo Dasher da lista de aplicativos.

Fixed problems

We fixed 3 usability issues in the Tor Connection assistant:

  • Display a percentage on the connection progress bar. (#19208)

  • Fix links to documentation. (#19172)

  • Add a Bridge label in front of the line to enter a custom bridge. (#19169)

For more details, read our changelog.

Known issues

If you are facing some of these issues, try downgrading to Tails 5.7. To do so:

Problemas em aplicativos Qt como Kleopatra e Feather

Aplicativos que usam bibliotecas Qt apresentam problemas ao serem executados em Wayland. Você pode solucionar esse problema de forma temporária executando esses aplicativos usando XWayland.

A criptografia e a descriptografia da área de transferência estão com problemas no Kleopatra (#19329)

Para solucionar isso:

  1. Escolha Aplicativos ▸ Utilitários ▸ Terminal para abrir um terminal.

  2. Execute o seguinte comando no terminal:

    unset QT_QPA_PLATFORM & kleopatra &
    

    Isso só funciona se o Kleopatra ainda não tiver sido aberto desde a inicialização do Tails. Caso contrário, execute este comando e tente novamente:

    killall kleopatra
    

AppImages como Feather e Bitcoin-Qt apresentam problemas ao serem inicializados (#19326)

Para solucionar isso:

  1. Navegue até a sua AppImage no navegador de Arquivos.

  2. Clique com o botão direito (no Mac, clique com dois dedos simultaneamente) no diretório e escolha Abrir no Terminal.

  3. Execute o seguinte comando no terminal para iniciar sua AppImage.

    Substitua:

    • application.AppImage pelo nome do arquivo da sua AppImage.

    unset QT_QPA_PLATFORM ; ./application.AppImage

    Por exemplo, para iniciar a carteira Feather 2.1.2, execute:

    unset QT_QPA_PLATFORM ; ./feather-2.1.2.AppImage
    

Some graphics cards stopped working in Tails 5.8 (#19353)

People have reported us several graphics cards that used to work in Tails 5.7 and stopped working in Tails 5.8:

  • Nvidia
    • 10de:0a70 GeForce 310M
    • 10de:1f82 GeForce GTX 1650
    • 10de:220a RTX 3080
    • 10de:2482 GA104 GeForce RTX 3070 Ti
    • 10de:2488
    • 10de:2489
    • 10de:24dc GA104M GeForce RTX 3080 Mobile
    • 10de:2504 RTX
    • 10de:2560 GA106M GeForce RTX 3060 Mobile
    • 10de:25e0
  • Intel
    • 8086:0046 Core Processor Integrated Graphic Controller
      • This will be fixed in Tails 5.9 with an update of the Linux kernel.
    • 8086:0a16 Haswell-ULT Integrated Graphics Controller
    • 8086:1916 Skylake GT2
    • 8086:3185 GeminiLake (UHD Graphics 600)
    • 8086:4690
    • 8086:4692 UHD Graphics 730
    • 8086:46a6 Alder Lake-P
    • 8086:46a8
    • 8086:4e55
      • To fix this, add the i915.force_probe=4e55 boot option.
    • 8086:4e71
    • 8086:5917
  • AMD
    • 1002:1506
    • 1002:15e7
    • 1002:6605 Radeon R7 M260X
    • 1002:6649 Bonaire FirePro W5100
    • 1002:73df RX Radeon 6700XT (Navi 22)
    • 1002:73ff Navi 23
    • 1002:743f RX 6400
  • If the error message lists multiple graphics cards:
    • If possible, plug the monitor into the motherboard's Intel graphics card, as opposed to the external Nvidia or AMD/ATI graphics card.
    • Explicitly select one of the two graphics adapters in the BIOS instead of letting the system choose one automatically. If this does not solve the problem, try selecting the other graphics adapter.

These graphics card probably don't work as good on Wayland as they used to work on X.Org.

Please try our experimental images with a newer Linux kernel and tell us whether they fix the problem.

Unfortunately, we have no solution to offer you so far.

We hope that this gets fixed in the next update of the Linux kernel, maybe in Tails 5.9.

Persistent Storage fails to load with symbolic links in Dotfiles (#19346)

Se você possuir links simbólicos dentro dos Dotfiles em seu Armazenamento Persistente, o Armazenamento Persistente falhará ao carregar e exibirá a seguinte mensagem de erro:

Falha ao ativar o Armazenamento Persistente.
Por favor, inicie o Tails e envie um relatório de erro.

To fix this, remove or replace these symbolic links.

The following instructions explain how to access the content of your Persistent Storage.

  • When starting Tails:

    1. Do not unlock your Persistent Storage.

    2. Set an administration password.

  • In Tails, unlock your Persistent Storage:

    1. Choose Applications ▸ Utilities ▸ Disks.

    2. In the Disks utility, select your Tails USB stick in the left pane.

    3. Select the TailsData LUKS partition in the right pane.

    4. Click the Unlock selected encrypted
partition button.

    5. Enter the passphrase of your Persistent Storage.

    6. In the second password prompt, enter your administration password.

    7. Click the TailsData Ext4 that appeared below the TailsData LUKS partition.

    8. Click the Mount selected
partition.

    9. Close the Disks utility.

  • Navigate to the content of your Persistent Storage:

    1. Choose Applications ▸ System Tools ▸ Root Terminal to open a terminal with administration rights.

    2. Execute the following command to open the Files browser with administration rights:

      nautilus
      
    3. In the Files browser, navigate to /media/amnesia/TailsData/dotfiles.

      Remove or replace all symbolic links in the dotfiles folder.

      Symbolic links have the following icon:

    4. Restart Tails and try unlocking your Persistent Storage like usually.

Tor Browser has no minimize and maximize buttons (#19328)

To work around this:

  1. Right-click on the Tor Browser tab in the window list at the bottom of the screen.

  2. Choose Minimize or Maximize.

Welcome Screen and Tor Connection don't fit on 800×600 (#19324)

The top of the Welcome Screen and some button of the Tor Connection assistant are cut out on small displays (800×600), like virtual machines.

You can press Alt+S to start Tails.

Switches of the Persistent Storage settings are very slow sometimes (#19291)

The switches that turn on and off the different features of the Persistent Storage are very slow to respond on some USB sticks. Please report on #19291 if this happens to you.

Progress bar of Tor Connection gets stuck around 50% (#19173)

When using a custom Tor obfs4 bridge, the progress bar of Tor Connection sometimes gets stuck halfway through and becomes extremely slow.

Para solucionar isso, você pode:

  • Close and reopen Tor Connection to speed up the initial connection.

  • Try a different obfs4 bridge.

    This issue only affects outdated obfs4 bridges and does not happen with obfs4 bridges that run version 0.0.12 or later.

See the list of long-standing issues.

Get Tails 5.8

To upgrade your Tails USB stick and keep your persistent storage

  • Automatic upgrades are available from Tails 5.0 or later to 5.8.

    You can reduce the size of the download of future automatic upgrades by doing a manual upgrade to the latest version.

  • If you cannot do an automatic upgrade or if Tails fails to start after an automatic upgrade, please try to do a manual upgrade.

To install Tails on a new USB stick

Follow our installation instructions:

The Persistent Storage on the USB stick will be lost if you install instead of upgrading.

To download only

If you don't need installation or upgrade instructions, you can download Tails 5.8 directly: