Essa página descreve técnicas de como iniciar o Tails a partir de um pendrive USB em um Mac.

Iniciando em um Mac

  1. Make sure that you have installed Tails using either:

  2. Shut down the computer.

    Deixe o pen drive USB conectado e desligue o computador.

    Plugue o pen drive USB com Tails a partir do qual você quer fazer a instalação.

  3. Plug in your Tails USB stick.

  4. Switch on the computer.

    Immediately press-and-hold the Option key (Alt key) when the startup chime is played.

    Hold the key pressed until a list of possible startup disks appears.

    'Option' or
'alt' key in the bottom left of Mac keyboard

  5. Choose the USB stick and press Enter. The USB stick appears as an external hard disk and might be labeled EFI Boot or Windows like in the following screenshot:

    Screen
with the logo of an internal hard disk labeled 'Macintosh HD' and an
external hard disk labelled 'Windows' (selected)

    If the USB stick does not appear in the list of startup disks:

    1. Make sure that you have installed Tails using either:

    2. Make sure that you have verified your download of Tails.

    3. Make sure that you are running the latest version of macOS.

    4. Make sure that you have verified your download.

    5. Try installing again on the same USB stick.

    6. Try installing on a different USB stick.

    7. Try using the same USB stick to start on a different computer.

    If your computer still does not display the Boot Loader, it might currently be impossible to start Tails on your computer.

  6. If your Mac displays the following error:

    Security settings do not allow this Mac to use an external startup disk.

    Then you have to change the settings of the Startup Security Utility of your Mac to authorize starting from Tails.

    To open Startup Security Utility:

    1. Turn on your Mac, then press and hold Command(⌘)+R immediately after you see the Apple logo. Your Mac starts up from macOS Recovery.

    2. When you see the macOS Utilities window, choose Utilities ▸ Startup Security Utility from the menu bar.

    3. When you are asked to authenticate, click Enter macOS Password, then choose an administrator account and enter its password.

    Startup Security Utility

    In the Startup Security Utility:

    • Choose No Security in the Secure Boot section.

    • Choose Allow booting from external media in the External Boot.

    To still protect your Mac from starting on untrusted external media, you can set a firmware password, available on macOS Mountain Lion or later. A firmware password prevents users who do not have the password from starting up from any media other than the designated startup disk.

    If you forget your firmware password you will require an in-person service appointment with an Apple Store or Apple Authorized Service Provider.

    Read more on Apple Support about:

  7. Se o computador iniciar no Tails, o Gerenciador de Boot aparecerá e o Tails iniciará automaticamente após 4 segundos.

    Tela preta ('GNU
GRUB') com a logo do Tails e duas opções: 'Tails' e 'Tails (Troubleshooting
Mode)'.

Resolvendo problemas quando o Tails não iniciar de maneira alguma

Use essa seção se o computador não iniciar a partir do pendrive USB e o Boot Loader não aparecer:

Black screen
('GNU GRUB') with Tails logo and 2 options: 'Tails' and 'Tails
(Troubleshooting Mode)'.

Verifique seu pendrive USB com Tails

  1. Make sure that you have installed Tails using either:

  2. Make sure that you have verified your download of Tails.

  3. Make sure that you are running the latest version of macOS.

  4. Make sure that you have verified your download.

  5. Try installing again on the same USB stick.

  6. Try installing on a different USB stick.

  7. Try using the same USB stick to start on a different computer.

If you get the following error message in macOS:

There may be a problem with this disk image. Are you sure you want to open it?

Then, you have to install Tails using balenaEtcher.

Check our list of known issues

Similar problems might have been reported already for your Mac model in our list of known issues about Tails not starting at all.

Resolvendo problemas quando o Tails não inicia após o Boot Loader

Use this section if the Boot Loader appears but not the Welcome Screen when you start Tails.

Verify your Tails USB stick

  1. Make sure that you have installed Tails using either:

  2. Make sure that you have verified your download of Tails.

  3. Make sure that you are running the latest version of macOS.

  4. Make sure that you have verified your download.

  5. Try installing again on the same USB stick.

  6. Try installing on a different USB stick.

  7. Try using the same USB stick to start on a different computer.

Try the Troubleshooting Mode entry

In the Boot Loader, choose the Troubleshooting Mode entry, which works better on some computers.

Try the External Hard Disk entry

In the Boot Loader, choose the External Hard Disk entry, if it is available. Some USB sticks need this entry in order to start Tails.

Check our list of known issues