Questa pagina descrive come avviare Tails da una chiavetta USB su Mac.

Avvio su Mac

  1. Make sure that you have installed Tails using either:

  2. Shut down the computer.

    Shut down the computer while leaving the USB stick plugged in.

    Plug in the other Tails USB stick that you want to install from.

  3. Plug in your Tails USB stick.

  4. Switch on the computer.

    Immediately press-and-hold the Option key (Alt key) when the startup chime is played.

    Hold the key pressed until a list of possible startup disks appears.

    'Option' or 'alt' key in the bottom left of Mac keyboard

  5. Choose the USB stick and press Enter. The USB stick appears as an external hard disk and might be labeled EFI Boot or Windows like in the following screenshot:

    Screen with the logo of an internal hard disk labeled 'Macintosh HD' and an external hard disk labelled 'Windows' (selected)

    If the USB stick does not appear in the list of startup disks:

    1. Make sure that you have installed Tails using either:

    2. Make sure that you have verified your download of Tails.

    3. Make sure that you are running the latest version of macOS.

    4. Make sure that you have verified your download.

    5. Try installing again on the same USB stick.

    6. Try installing on a different USB stick.

    7. Try using the same USB stick to start on a different computer.

    If your computer still does not display the Boot Loader, it might currently be impossible to start Tails on your computer.

  6. If your Mac displays the following error:

    Security settings do not allow this Mac to use an external startup disk.

    Then you have to change the settings of the Startup Security Utility of your Mac to authorize starting from Tails.

    To open Startup Security Utility:

    1. Turn on your Mac, then press and hold Command(⌘)+R immediately after you see the Apple logo. Your Mac starts up from macOS Recovery.

    2. When you see the macOS Utilities window, choose Utilities ▸ Startup Security Utility from the menu bar.

    3. When you are asked to authenticate, click Enter macOS Password, then choose an administrator account and enter its password.

    Startup Security Utility

    In the Startup Security Utility:

    • Choose No Security in the Secure Boot section.

    • Choose Allow booting from external media in the External Boot.

    To still protect your Mac from starting on untrusted external media, you can set a firmware password, available on macOS Mountain Lion or later. A firmware password prevents users who do not have the password from starting up from any media other than the designated startup disk.

    If you forget your firmware password you will require an in-person service appointment with an Apple Store or Apple Authorized Service Provider.

    Read more on Apple Support about:

  7. If the computer starts on Tails, the Boot Loader appears and Tails starts automatically after 4 seconds.

    Black screen ('GNU GRUB') with Tails logo and 2 options: 'Tails' and 'Tails (Troubleshooting Mode)'.

Risoluzione dei problemi Tails non si avvia

Usa questa sezione se il computer non si avvia dalla chiavetta USB e il Boot Loader non compare:

Schermo nero
('GNU GRUB') con logo Tails e 2 opzioni: 'Tails' e 'Tails
(Modalità risoluzione dei problemi)'.

Verifica la tua chiavetta USB con Tails

  1. Make sure that you have installed Tails using either:

  2. Make sure that you have verified your download of Tails.

  3. Make sure that you are running the latest version of macOS.

  4. Make sure that you have verified your download.

  5. Try installing again on the same USB stick.

  6. Try installing on a different USB stick.

  7. Try using the same USB stick to start on a different computer.

If you get the following error message in macOS:

There may be a problem with this disk image. Are you sure you want to open it?

Then, you have to install Tails using balenaEtcher.

Check our list of known issues

Similar problems might have been reported already for your Mac model in our list of known issues about Tails not starting at all.

Troubleshooting Tails non si avvia dopo il Boot Loader

Usa questa sessione se, quando avvii Tails, compare il Boot Loader ma non la Schermata di Benvenuto.

Verifica la tua chiavetta USB con Tails

  1. Make sure that you have installed Tails using either:

  2. Make sure that you have verified your download of Tails.

  3. Make sure that you are running the latest version of macOS.

  4. Make sure that you have verified your download.

  5. Try installing again on the same USB stick.

  6. Try installing on a different USB stick.

  7. Try using the same USB stick to start on a different computer.

Prova la voce Modalità Risoluzione dei Problemi

Nel Boot Loader, scegli la voce Modalità Risoluzione dei Problemi che con alcuni computer funziona meglio.

Prova la voce Disco Rigido esterno

Nel Boot Loader, scegliere la voce Disco rigido esterno, se disponibile. Alcune chiavette USB hanno bisogno di questa voce per avviare Tails.

Controlla il nostro elenco di problemi noti riguardo le schede grafiche

  • Se il computer visualizza il messaggio di errore Errore durante l'avvio di GDM con la tua scheda grafica fai riferimento al nostro ?elenco dei problemi noti con le schede grafiche.

  • In altro caso, fai riferimento alla nostra lista dei problemi noti riguardanti avvi incompleti di Tails. Potrebbe contenere una soluzione per il tuo modello di computer.