Estas instrucciones explican cómo hacer una copia de respaldo de tu volumen persistente a otra memoria USB de Tails.

Crear un nuevo Tails para almacenar tu copia de respaldo

En estas instrucciones, recomendamos que crees otro Tails para almacenar tu copia de respaldo. De esta manera, si tu Tails se pierde o se daña, serás capaz de reemplazarlo inmediatamente con tu copia de respaldo de Tails.

  1. Instala Tails en una nueva memoria USB en la cual quieres crear tu copia de respaldo. Para instrucciones más detalladas, mira cómo instalar Tails desde otro Tails.

    Asegurate que la nueva memoria USB es al menos tan grande como tu actual memoria USB de Tails.

  2. We recommend making your backup Tails USB stick look different than your current Tails USB stick to avoid using your backup Tails by mistake.

  3. Apaga la computadora y desconecta tu memoria USB de Tails actual.

  4. Reinicia en tu copia de respaldo de Tails y crea un volumen persistente en ella. Para instrucciones más detalladas, mira cómo crear y configurar el volumen persistente.

    We recommend using the same passphrase as your current Tails so that the passphrase is easier to remember.

  5. When the persistent volume configuration shows a list of the possible persistence features, click Save and exit.

    The backup process described below overrides the configuration of the persistent volume. So, it does not matter which features are enabled when you create the persistent volume.

  6. Shutdown and unplug your backup Tails USB stick.

Create or update your backup

  1. Start on your current Tails and set up an administration password.

  2. Choose Applications ▸ Accessories ▸ Files to open the Files browser.

  3. Plug in your backup Tails USB stick.

  4. If your backup Tails is outdated, you can upgrade it by cloning your current Tails using Tails Installer. For detailed instructions, see how to manually upgrade from another Tails.

  5. A new encrypted volume appears in the sidebar of the Files browser. Click on it and enter the passphrase of your backup Tails to unlock it.

    Your backup now appears as the TailsData volume in the sidebar.

  6. Elige Aplicaciones ▸ Herramientas del Sistema ▸ Terminal de Root para abrir una terminal con derechos de administración.

  7. Execute the following command to backup your persistent volume:

Make sure to execute this command from the Tails that you want to back up: your current Tails. If you run this command from your backup Tails instead, you will delete the persistent volume on your current Tails.

rsync -PaSHAXv --del /live/persistence/TailsData_unlocked/ /media/amnesia/TailsData/

When the command finishes, it displays a summary of the data that was copied. For example:

sent 32.32M bytes  received 1.69K bytes  21.55M bytes/sec
total size is 32.30M  speedup is 1.00

Each time you update your backup, only the files that have changed are copied.

You can now eject the TailsData volume in the Files browser and unplug your backup Tails USB stick.