These instructions explain how to manually copy your persistent data to a new device. Follow them if you have good reasons to think that your persistence settings are corrupted or if you want to be extra careful.

Create a new device

  1. Install the latest Tails onto a new device using the usual installing instructions. Do not use the Tails device that might be corrupted in the process of installing the new one.

  2. Create a persistent volume on this new device. We advise you to use a different passphrase to protect this new persistent volume.

  3. Enable again on this new device the persistence features of your choice.

  4. Restart Tails, enable persistence, and set up an administration password.

Rescue your files from the old Tails device

Mount the old persistent volume

  1. Plug in the old Tails device from which you want to rescue your data.

  2. Choose Applications ▸ Accessories ▸ Disk Utility to open the GNOME Disk Utility.

  3. In the left pane, click on the device corresponding to the old Tails device.

  4. In the right pane, click on the partition labeled as Encrypted. The Partition Label must be TailsData.

  5. Click on Unlock Volume to unlock the old persistent volume. Enter the passphrase of the old persistent volume and click Unlock.

  6. Click on the TailsData partition that appears below the Encrypted Volume partition.

  7. Click on Mount Volume. The old persistent volume is now mounted as /media/TailsData.

Copy your old files to the new persistent volume

  1. Choose Applications ▸ Accessories ▸ Root Terminal to open a terminal with administration rights.

  2. Execute the nautilus command to open the file browser with administration rights.

  3. In the file browser, navigate to /media/TailsData to open the old persistent volume.

  4. Choose File ▸ New Tab and navigate to /live/persistence/TailsData_unlocked in this new tab.

  5. Click on the TailsData tab.

  6. To copy a folder containing persistent data from the old persistent volume to the new one, drag and drop that folder from the TailsData onto the TailsData_unlocked tab. When copying a folder, choose to Merge All the folder, and Replace All files. Do not copy a folder if you do not know what it is used for.

    • The apt folder corresponds to the APT Packages and APT Lists persistence features. But it requires administration rights to be imported and this goes beyond the scope of these instructions. Note that this folder does not contain personal data.
    • The bookmarks folder corresponds to the Browser bookmarks persistence feature.
    • The claws-mail folder corresponds to the Claws Mail persistence feature.
    • The cups-configuration folder corresponds to the Printers persistence feature.
    • The dotfiles folder corresponds to the Dotfiles persistence feature.
    • The gnome-keyring folder corresponds to the GNOME Keyring persistence feature.
    • The gnupg folder corresponds to the GnuPG persistence feature.
    • The nm-connections folder corresponds to the Network Connections persistence feature.
    • The openssh-client folder corresponds to the SSH Client persistence feature.
    • The Persistent folder corresponds to the Personal Data persistence feature.
    • The pidgin folder corresponds to the Pidgin persistence feature.
  7. After doing the copy, close the file browser.

  8. In the terminal, execute the following command to fix the ownership of your personal files:

   find /live/persistence/TailsData_unlocked/ -uid 1000 -exec chown -R 1000:1000 '{}' \;