The use of a persistent volume in a system which is designed to provide
anonymity and leave no trace is a complicated issue.
Read carefully the warning section.
To start the persistent volume assistant, choose.
When run for the first time, or after deleting the persistent volume, the assistant proposes to create a new persistent volume on the USB stick. Refer to our installation instructions for more guidance on creating the persistent volume.
When this feature is activated, you can save your personal files and working documents in the Persistent folder.
To open the Persistent folder, choose .
When this feature is activated, the OpenPGP keys that you create or import are saved in the persistent volume.
When this feature is activated, all the files related to the secure-shell client are saved in the persistent volume:
- The SSH keys that you create or import
- The public keys of the hosts you connect to
- The SSH configuration file in ~/.ssh/config
When this feature is activated, all the configuration files of the Pidgin Internet messenger are saved in the persistent volume:
- The configuration of your accounts, buddies and chats.
- Your OTR encryption keys and keyring.
- The content of the discussions is not saved unless you configure Pidgin to do so.
All the configuration options are available from the graphical interface. There is no need to manually edit or overwrite the configuration files.
Pidgin fails to load any account if you enable persistence and select the Read-Only check box as a startup option.
Don't use the Read-Only option if you want to use Pidgin. See #8465.
When this feature is activated, the configuration and emails stored by the Icedove email client are saved in the persistent volume.
When this feature is activated, the secrets of GNOME Keyring are saved in the persistent volume.
GNOME Keyring is a collection of components in GNOME that store secrets, passwords, keys, certificates and make them available to applications. For more information about GNOME Keyring see the official documentation.
When this feature is activated, the configuration of the network devices and connections is saved in the persistent volume.
To save passwords, for example the passwords of encrypted wireless connections, the GNOME Keyring persistence feature must also be activated.
When this feature is activated, the configuration of the printers is saved in the persistent volume.
When this feature is activated, the bitcoin wallet and preferences of the Electrum bitcoin client are saved in the persistent volume.
When this feature is activated, the packages that you install using the Synaptic package manager or the apt-get command are saved in the persistent volume.
If you install additional programs, this feature allows you to download them once and reinstall them during future working sessions, even offline.
To reinstall these packages automatically when restarting Tails, use the Additional software packages persistence feature.
If you activate the APT Packages persistence feature, it is recommended to activate the APT Lists feature as well.
When this feature is activated, the lists of all the software packages available for installation are saved in the persistent volume.
Those so called APT lists correspond to the files downloaded while doing Reload from the Synaptic package manager or issuing the apt-get update command.
The APT lists are needed to install additional programs or explore the list of available software packages. This feature allows you to reuse them during future working sessions, even offline.
When this feature is activated, all the files in the /live/persistence/TailsData_unlocked/dotfiles folder are linked in the Home folder. Files in subfolders of dotfiles are also linked in the corresponding subfolder of your Home folder.
For example, having the following files in /live/persistence/TailsData_unlocked/dotfiles:
/live/persistence/TailsData_unlocked/dotfiles ├── file_a ├── folder │ ├── file_b │ └── subfolder │ └── file_c └── emptyfolder
Produces the following result in /home/amnesia:
/home/amnesia ├── file_a → /live/persistence/TailsData_unlocked/dotfiles/file_a └── folder ├── file_b → /live/persistence/TailsData_unlocked/dotfiles/folder/file_b └── subfolder └── file_c → /live/persistence/TailsData_unlocked/dotfiles/folder/subfolder/file_c
This option is useful if you want to make some specific files persistent, but not the folders they are stored in. A fine example are the so called "dotfiles" (and hence the name of this feature), the hidden configuration files in the root of your home directory, like ~/.gitconfig and ~/.bashrc.
As you can see in the previous example, empty folders are ignored. This feature only links files, and not folders, from the persistent volume into the Home folder.
When this feature is enabled, a list of additional software of your choice is automatically installed at the beginning of every working session. The corresponding software packages are stored in the persistent volume. They are automatically upgraded for security after a network connection is established.
To use this feature you need to enable both the APT Lists and APT Packages features.
To choose the list of additional software, start Tails with an administrator
password and edit (as an administrator) the file called
Each line of this file must contain
the name of a Debian package to be installed as an additional software
For example, to automatically install the
dia software, a diagram
editor, and the
font-manager software, a font manager, add the following
To learn about the many software packages available in Debian, visit http://packages.debian.org/stable/.