The problem



  • config/chroot_local-includes/usr/local/bin/tails-security-check
    • Perl, Desktop::Notify, ported to notification actions
    • important enough to be noisy ⇒ ported to a dialog box
  • config/chroot_local-includes/usr/local/lib/tails-virt-notify-user
    • Perl, Desktop::Notify, ported to a transient notification with an action, so clicking it does open the doc, but the notification disappears after 4 seconds
    • broken on Tails/Wheezy already (the link to the doc is not visible) ⇒ the current state of feature/jessie is not a regression, it actually improves things a bit.
  • config/chroot_local-includes/usr/local/sbin/tails-spoof-mac
    • Shell, uses notify-send via config/chroot local-includes/usr/local/sbin/tails-notify-user
    • broken on Tails/Wheezy already (the link to the doc is not visible, and one of the two possible links was broken anyway) ⇒ the link to the doc has been removed for Tails 2.0, and a better solution can be found later (#10559).
    • A second iteration could turn this into a dialog box: we now have an offline mode for those who want it, and else, if you want to be online, then MAC spoofing failure prevents you from using Tails in most cases so we can be noisy.
    • The notification code (notify_panic_*) that's started as a background process could advantageously be moved to the user session (it's probably a good idea to avoid starting background tasks in udev hooks, to avoid confusing udev wrt. when a hook has actually completed its work). To this end, config/chroot_local-includes/usr/local/sbin/tails-unblock-network could raise a flag so that a unit run in user session knows that it should notify the user (see e.g. the ugly htp_done_file, or find a better solution).
  • config/chroot_local-includes/usr/local/sbin/tails-restricted-network-detector



  • Needs GLib 2.40 (in Jessie).

  • Intro:

  • "applications using GNotification should be able to be started as a D-Bus service, using GApplication." =>; this feels totally overkill for most cases when we currently use desktop notifications.

  • "gnome-shell uses desktop files to find extra information (app icon, name) about the sender of the notification. If you don't have a desktop file whose base name matches the application id, then your notification will not show up". We'll see.

  • intrigeri has a working Perl example with add_button. Next step is to pass parameters to the notification.

  • If it's deemed overkill, or just too painful, to port every single script that needs to send notifications with actions to "GApplication + D-Bus activation + actions support" properly, a solution could be to let them all pretend to be the org.boum.tails.OpenURL or similar app in the simplest possible way, i.e. create a GApplication object merely to be able to send the notification or use the private D-Bus API to org.gtk.Notifications.

    And then, we need only one single real GApplication that can react to actions with parameters.

    A potential problem with this approach is that if a given GApplication is running already, another process pretending to be the same can't send notifications (reproducer code follows; the private D-Bus API allows to workaround this problem, but has other ones, read on). So, in practice if we go this way the URL opener app must have a lifetime close to zero, otherwise when clicking on multiple notifications buttons in a row, some actions won't be triggered (i.e. URLs won't be opened).

        use strict;
        use warnings FATAL => 'all';
        use 5.10.1;
        use Gtk3;
        use Glib::Object::Introspection;
            basename => 'Gio',
            version  => '2.0',
            package  => 'Gio'
        my $app_id = 'org.gnome.gedit';
        my $app = Gtk3::Application->new($app_id, []);
        $app->register() || die "Could not register app";
        my $notification = Gio::Notification->new('My notification title');
        $notification->set_body("My notification body");
        $notification->add_button("OK", '');
        # If gedit is already running, this fails with:
        #   GLib-GIO-CRITICAL **: g_application_send_notification:
        #   assertion '!g_application_get_is_remote (application)' failed
        $app->send_notification("my-notification-id", $notification);
  • private D-Bus API (org.gtk.Notifications): ... maybe an option whenever language bindings are not good enough, but so far I (intrigeri) was not able to add buttons to it:

        use strict;
        use warnings FATAL => 'all';
        use 5.10.1;
        use Net::DBus;
            ->AddNotification('org.gnome.gedit', 'whatever-notification-id', {
                title            => 'my notification title',
                body             => 'my notification body',
                # Works... when 'buttons' is not passed
                'default-action' => '',
                # Does not work, for some reason
                buttons => [
                    { label => "New window",   action => ""},
                    { label => "New document", action => ""},
  • GNOME Shell 3.16: non-default action buttons are only displayed when the notification pops up initially, not in the Message List. Jessie's GNOME Shell (3.14) hasn't this problem. We can get away with only a default action that opens the URL we want, in the use cases we have in practice.